SrIvachana bhUshaNam – sUthram 96

SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImadh varavaramunayE nama:

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avathArikai (Introduction)

After explaining that desire towards bhagavAn is the main reason for all noble qualities, piLLai lOkAchAryar showed proof for the quality of being detached from worldly aspects [in previous sUthram]. When asked why, piLLai lOkAchAryar mercifully explains.

sUthram 96

Athma guNangaLil pradhAnam Samamum dhamamum.

Simple Explanation

Among the noble qualities, Samam (controlling internal senses) and dhamam (controlling external senses) are the most important.

vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

Athma guNangaLil pradhAnam Samamum dhamamum.

Samam – controlling internal senses. dhamam – controlling external senses. It is said in “SamaSchiththa praSAnthisyAth thamaSchEndhriya nigraha:” (It is said that Samam is controlling internal senses and dhamam is controlling external senses). While explaining SrI bhagavath gIthA 10.4kshamA sathyam dhama: Sama:” (forgiving (even when there is reason to be angry), speaking the truth, controlling the external senses (from seeking out lowly enjoyment), controlling the mind (from seeking out lowly enjoyment)), bhAshyakArar mercifully explained in his commentary “thamO bhAhya karaNAnAm anartha vishayEbhyO niyamanam – SamOntha:karaNasya thathA niyamanam” (dhamam means controlling the external senses from engaging in worldly pleasures leading to disaster; Samam means controlling the internal senses in the same way). It is also explained otherwise [Samam means controlling the external senses and dhamam means controlling the internal senses]. It is implied that since other noble qualities will follow where Samam and dhamam are present, proof for these two qualities are shown.

Alternatively, it can also be explained that when asked “What are the main qualities among those noble qualities?” piLLai lOkAchAryar is saying “Athma guNangaLil pradhAnam Samamum dhamamum” considering that since the cause for detachment is desire for bhagavAn, it is the same cause for all other noble qualities.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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About sarathyt

Disciple of SrImath paramahamsa ithyAdhi pattarpirAn vAnamAmalai jIyar (29th pattam of thOthAdhri mutt). Descendant of komANdUr iLaiyavilli AchchAn (bAladhanvi swamy, a cousin of SrI ramAnuja). Born in AzhwArthirungari, grew up in thiruvallikkENi (chennai), lived in SrIperumbUthUr, presently living in SrIrangam. Learned sampradhAyam principles from (varthamAna) vAdhi kEsari azhagiyamaNavALa sampathkumAra jIyar swamy, vELukkudi krishNan swamy, gOmatam sampathkumArAchArya swamy and many others. Full time sEvaka/servitor of SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam. Engaged in translating our AzhwArs/AchAryas works in Simple thamizh and English, and coordinating the translation effort in many other languages. Also engaged in teaching dhivyaprabandham, sthOthrams, bhagavath gIthA etc and giving lectures on various SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam related topics in thamizh and English regularly. Taking care of koyil.org portal, which is a humble offering to our pUrvAchAryas. koyil.org is part of SrI varavaramuni sambandhi Trust (varavaramuni.com) initiatives.

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