SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImadh varavaramunayE nama:
yAthIndhra pravaNa prabhAvam – anubandham
The glory of SrISailESa manthram
SrIsailESa dhayApAthram dhIbhakthyAdhi guNArNavam
yathIndhrapravaNam vandhE ramyajAmAtharam munim
It is well known that SrI ranganAthan mercifully recited this thaniyan on maNavALa mAmunigaL, remaining as his disciple. For us, this is a mahAmanthram, equivalent to manthra rathnam (dhvaya mahAmanthram). We can experience the greatness of this manthram here.
Based on the vyAkhyAnam mercifully written by piLLai lOkam jIyar
periya jIyar [manavALa mAMunigaL] had taken refuge under the divine feet of thiruvAimozhip piLLai and he was praised as in “vAzhi thiruvAimozhip piLLai mAdhagavAl vAzhum maNavALa mAmunivan” (long live maNavALa mAMunigaL who lives due to the mercy of thiruvAimozhippiLLai) for that. He learnt dhivyaprabandhams such as thrivuvAimozhi and their meanings from thiruvAimozhip piLLai and wanted others too to learn these meanings and get uplifted. He was engaged in activities towards that end. namperumAL, through the archakar, called manavALa mAmunigaL and told him “Conduct upanyAsam at periya thirumaNdapam (huge, divine hall inside SrIrangam temple) on thiruvAimozhi’s meanings so that we and our followers could listen and get benefitted”. mAmunigaL, in line with perumAL’s divine orders, carried out the same, starting from uyarvaRa uyar nalam and ending with avAvaRach chUzh [first and one thousand one hundred and second pAsuram, respectively, of thiruvAimozhi]. Feeling very pleased with the way mAmunigaL conducted the upanyAsam, perumAL honoured mAmunigaL with the name muppaththARAyirap perukkar (one who explains thiruvAimozhi Idu vyAkhyAnam (called as muppaththARAyirappadi) with different meanings, taking reference from various sources from rAmAnuja dharSanam). perumAL also mercifully composed the thaniyan SrISailESa dhayApAthram on mAmunigaL. For periya perumAL to shower his mercy on him, mAmunigaL composed the following pAsuram
nAmAr? periyathirumaNdapamAr? namperumAL
thAmAga nammaiththaniththazhaiththu – nI mARan
sendhamizh vEdhaththin sezhum poruLai nALum ingE
vandhurai enREvuvadhE vAyndhu
(Who are we? What is thirumaNdapam? namperumAL, on his own, has called us separately and ordered us “Everyday, you deliver the meanings of the pure thamizh vEdham composed by mARan (nammAzhwAr)”. How great is this!)
The meaning for the thaniyan, mercifully composed by namperumAL for periya jIyar is: I worship kOyil azhagiya maNavALach chIyar who is the object of thiruvAimozhip piLLai’s mercy, who is the great ocean of auspicious qualities such as knowledge, devotion, detachment etc and who has overflowing affection towards SrI bhAshyakArar (rAmAnujar).
SrISailESa dhayApAthram: maNavALa mAmunigaL is the receptacle for the great mercy of thiruvAImozhippiLLai [called as SrISailESar]. thiruvAImozhip piLLai, in turn, never forgets the divine feet of ethirAsar (rAmANujar) who in turn remains as the divine feet of nammAzhwAr. Due to the grace of SrISailapUrNar (periya thirumalai nambi, maternal uncle of rAmAnujar, who taught rAmAnujar the entire SrI rAmAyaNam) and SrISaila dhESikar (thiruvAimozhip piLLai), the flood of devotion of SrI rAmAyaNam as well as thiruvAimozhi which is referred to as thIrthangaL Ayiram (thousand divine pAsurams) have taken residence in mAmunigAL, who is referred to as yathIndhra pravaNar (one who is affectionate towards the divine feet of rAmAnujar).
dhIbhakthyAdhi guNArNavam: maNavALa mAmunigaL is the great ocean of auspicious qualities such as knowledge (about emperumAn), devotion (towards emperumAn), detachment (towards samsAram) etc.In the previous states of mAmunigaL too, viz. iLaiyaperumAL (lakshmaNa) and iLaiyAzhwAr (rAmAnujar), knowledge and devotion are present in complete measure. In the case of periya jIyar, this affection etc would be present in double the measure, towards periya perumAL.
yathIndhra pravaNam: The term yathIndhra pravaNam refers to the fact that the affection which mAmunigaL has towards namperumAL, transcends to emperumAnAr, which is the outer limit for affection. emperumAnAr is parAnkuSa bhakthar (devoted towards nammAzhwAr). mAmunigaL is yathIndhra pravaNar.
vandhE ramyajAmAtharam munim: Meditating on the divine name of azhagiya maNavALa mAmuni, he prostrates at the divine feet of mAmunigaL.
adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan
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