SrIvachana bhUshaNam – sUthram 298

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avathArikai (Introduction)

piLLai lOkAchAryar mercifully explains the targets of the qualities of the prapanna and bhagavAn separately.

sUthram 298

avanudaiya gyAnaththukku ilakku ivanudaiya guNam; agyAnaththukku ilakku ivanudaiya dhOsham; Sakthikku ilakku ivanudaiya rakshaNam; aSakthikku ilakku parithyAgam.

Simple Explanation

The target of bhagavAn’s knowledge is prapanna’s good qualities; the target of bhagavAn’s ignorance is prapanna’s faults; the target of bhagavAn’s ability is prapanna’s protection; the target of bhagavAn’s inability is prapanna’s banishment.

vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

avanudaiya …

Unlike explaining it in the previous sequence, here ISvara’s qualities are explained first; this is because, after explaining bhagavAn’s qualities here, to explain the chEthana’s qualities and then the four forbidden aspects elaborately.

avanudaiya gyAnaththukku ilakku ivanudaiya guNam

As said in muNdakOpanishath 1-1-10 “yassarvagyas sarvavith” (one who knows the basic nature and characteristics of everything) and in sahasranAmam “sahasrAmsu:” (knowledgeable (about his devotees’ noble acts)), the target of the omniscient emperumAn’s divine knowledge is prapanna’s noble qualities starting with adhvEsha (not being inimical), Abhimukhya (being friendly) etc.

agyAnaththukku ilakku ivanudaiya dhOsham

As said in sahasranAmam “avigyAthA sahasrAmsu:” (He is ignorant (about his devotees’ mistakes) and knowledgeable (about his devotees’ noble acts)) and in “avigyAthAhi bhagavAn Agassu kamalEkshaNa: | sadhAjagath samsthancha paSyannapi hrudhisthatha: ||” (Lotus-eyed lord is always present in the heart and is seeing all the worlds, yet he is not aware of his devotees’ defects), though he is sarvagya, the target for his ignorance is the faults of the prapanna who is bound in prakruthi (material realm).

Sakthikku ilakku ivanudaiya rakshaNam

As said in SvEthASvathara upanishath “… parAsya Sakthir vividhaiva SrUyathE SvAbhAvikI gyAna bala kriyAcha” (that supreme bhagavAn who has full ability and natural knowledge, strength etc), the ability of the knowledge of bhagavAn who is sarvaSakthi (omnipotent) is the protection which eliminates all of this worldly desires and fulfilling all desires which match the true nature of the self.

aSakthikku ilakku parithyAgam

The target of the inability of such onmipotent lord, is abandoning the chEthana due to the mistakes which he commits which are intolerable for bhagavAn.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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About sarathyt

Disciple of SrImath paramahamsa ithyAdhi pattarpirAn vAnamAmalai jIyar (29th pattam of thOthAdhri mutt). Descendant of komANdUr iLaiyavilli AchchAn (bAladhanvi swamy, a cousin of SrI ramAnuja). Born in AzhwArthirungari, grew up in thiruvallikkENi (chennai), lived in SrIperumbUthUr, presently living in SrIrangam. Learned sampradhAyam principles from (varthamAna) vAdhi kEsari azhagiyamaNavALa sampathkumAra jIyar swamy, vELukkudi krishNan swamy, gOmatam sampathkumArAchArya swamy and many others. Full time sEvaka/servitor of SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam. Engaged in translating our AzhwArs/AchAryas works in Simple thamizh and English, and coordinating the translation effort in many other languages. Also engaged in teaching dhivyaprabandham, sthOthrams, bhagavath gIthA etc and giving lectures on various SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam related topics in thamizh and English regularly. Taking care of koyil.org portal, which is a humble offering to our pUrvAchAryas. koyil.org is part of SrI varavaramuni sambandhi Trust (varavaramuni.com) initiatives.

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